Characterization of the calcium response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in cells transfected with TRH receptor complementary DNA: importance of voltage-sensitive calcium channels.
TRH stimulates a biphasic increase in intracellular free calcium ion, [Ca2+]i. Cells stably transfected with TRH receptor cDNA were used to compare the response in lines with and without L type voltage-gated calcium channels. Rat pituitary GH-Y cells that do not normally express TRH receptors, rat glial C6 cells, and human epithelial Hela cells were transfected with mouse TRH receptor cDNA. All lines bound similar amounts of [3H][N3-Me-His2]TRH with identical affinities (dissociation constant = 1.5 nM). Both pituitary lines expressed L type voltage-gated calcium channels; depolarization with high K+ increased 45Ca2+ uptake 20- to 25-fold and [Ca2+]i 12- to 14-fold. C6 and Hela cells, in contrast, appeared to have no L channel activity. GH4C1 cells responded to TRH with a calcium spike (6-fold) followed by a sustained second phase. When TRH was added after 100 nM nimodipine, an L channel blocker, the initial calcium burst was unaffected but the second phase was abolished. GH-Y cells transfected with TRH receptor cDNA responded to TRH with a 6-fold [Ca2+]i spike followed by a plateau phase (>8 min) in which [Ca2+]i remained elevated or increased. Nimodipine did not alter the peak TRH response or resting [Ca2+]i but reduced the sustained phase, which was eliminated by chelation of extracellular Ca2+. In the transfected glial C6 and Hela cells without calcium channels, TRH evoked transient, monophasic 7- to 9-fold increases in [Ca2+]i, and [Ca2+]i returned to resting levels within 3 min. Thapsigargin stimulated a gradual, large increase in [Ca2+]i in transfected C6 cells, and subsequent addition of TRH caused no further rise. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ from transfected C6 cells shortened the [Ca2+]i responses to TRH, to endothelin 1, and to thapsigargin. The TRH responses were pertussis toxin-insensitive. In summary, TRH can generate a calcium spike in pituitary, C6, and Hela cells transfected with TRH receptor cDNA, but the plateau phase of the [Ca2+]i response is not observed when the receptor is expressed in a cell line without L channel activity.
Li, P; Thaw, CN; Sempowski, GD; Gershengorn, MC; Hinkle, PM
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