Growth hormone accelerates immune recovery following allogeneic T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation in mice.

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To test in a murine model whether recombinant human growth hormone can promote immune recovery after allogeneic T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lethally irradiated (8.5 Gy) BALB/c mice (H2(d)) were transplanted with 5 x 10(6) T cell-depleted bone marrow cells from C57BL/6 mice (H2(b)). Recipient mice were injected intraperitoneally with recombinant human growth hormone (20 microg/dose/day) or saline for the first 4 weeks after transplantation. These animals were followed for phenotypic and functional immune recovery. RESULTS: Administration of human recombinant growth hormone improved the CD4(+) T-cell counts in peripheral blood on day +14 (44+/-14 vs 33+/-7/microL blood, p<0.05) and day +21 (281+/-109 vs 187+/-76/microL blood, p<0.01) compared with the saline control. These differences were no longer significant by day +28 despite continued growth hormone administration. Similar effects were also observed on CD8(+) T cells and B220(+) B cells. The improvements in peripheral T-cell counts were at least partially as a result of enhanced thymopoiesis because there was an increase in total thymocytes after treatment with growth hormone. T-cell-depleted bone marrow recipients treated with growth hormone rejected the third-party grafts faster than those treated with saline control (median survival time: 20 days vs 26 days, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrated that recombinant human growth hormone can accelerate phenotypic and functional immune reconstitution following allogeneic T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation in mice.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chen, BJ; Cui, X; Sempowski, GD; Chao, NJ

Published Date

  • October 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 953 - 958

PubMed ID

  • 14550811

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0301-472X

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands