Effects of exercise training on cardiovascular function and plasma lipid, lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein concentrations in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
This study examined the effects of aerobic exercise on lipid levels in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Fifty healthy middle-aged women (mean age, 50 years) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either aerobic exercise (walking and jogging) or nonaerobic strength exercise (circuit Nautilus training). Concentrations of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol were assessed, along with apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apo A-II, apo B, and triglycerides. To document changes in aerobic capacity, maximum treadmill testing was performed with expired-gas analysis before and after the exercise program. Aerobic exercise was associated with an 18% improvement in peak VO2. Women in the aerobic group had an increased VO2, from 26.7 to 31.4 ml/kg/min (p less than 0.0001), while the VO2 of the women in the strength training group did not change (25.8 ml/kg/min before and after). There were no differential changes in lipid levels because all subjects experienced slight reductions in high density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol and increases in apo A-I and the apo A-I to apo B ratio. There was a tendency for the aerobic group to exhibit lower levels of apo A-II and a greater apo A-I to apo A-II ratio, however. We conclude that premenopausal and postmenopausal women experience similar changes in aerobic capacity and lipid levels with exercise and that the short-term effects of aerobic and nonaerobic exercise on lipid profiles are generally comparable.
Blumenthal, JA; Matthews, K; Fredrikson, M; Rifai, N; Schniebolk, S; German, D; Steege, J; Rodin, J
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