Prolonged function of macrophage, von Willebrand factor-deficient porcine pulmonary xenografts.
Porcine von Willebrand factor (vWF) activates human and primate platelets. Having determined the importance of pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) in pulmonary xenotransplantation, we evaluated whether, in the absence of PIMs, vWF might play a role in pulmonary xenograft dysfunction. Utilizing a left single-lung transplant model, baboons depleted of anti-alphaGal antibodies received lungs from either vWF-deficient (n = 2); MCP-expressing (n = 5); MCP PIM-depleted (n = 5); or vWF-deficient PIM-depleted swine (n = 3). Two out of three of the PIM-depleted, pvWF deficient grafts survived longer than any previously reported pulmonary xenografts, including PIM-depleted xenografts expressing human complement regulatory proteins. Depletion of PIM's from vWF-deficient lungs, like depletion of PIM's from hMCP lungs, resulted in abrogation of the coagulopathy associated with pulmonary xenotransplantation. Thus, in terms of pulmonary graft survival, control of adverse reactions involving pvWF appears to be equally or even more important than is complement regulation using hMCP expression. However, based on the rapid failure of PIM-sufficient, pvWF-deficient pulmonary xenografts, pVWF-deficient pulmonary xenografts appear to be particularly sensitive to macrophage-mediated damage. These data provide initial evidence that vWF plays a role in the 'delayed' (24 h) dysfunction observed in pulmonary xenotransplantation using PIM depleted hMCP organs.
Cantu, E; Balsara, KR; Li, B; Lau, C; Gibson, S; Wyse, A; Baig, K; Gaca, J; Gonzalez-Stawinski, GV; Nichols, T; Parker, W; Davis, RD
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