Allergenicity of peanut and soybean extracts altered by chemical or thermal denaturation in patients with atopic dermatitis and positive food challenges.
Peanuts and soybeans are two of the six most common foods to cause food hypersensitivity reactions in children. We used the serum of 10 patients with atopic dermatitis and positive double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenges to peanut and two patients with atopic dermatitis and positive double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenges to soybean to investigate the change in IgE-specific and IgG-specific binding to these proteins altered by either chemical or thermal denaturation. We used IgE- and IgG-specific ELISA-inhibition analyses to compare these effects on the crude peanut and crude soy extracts, as well as on the major allergenic fractions of both proteins. Heating the soy proteins at various temperatures and time intervals did not significantly change the IgE- or IgG-specific binding of the soy positive pooled serum. When the peanut proteins were subjected to similar heating experiments, the IgE- and IgG-specific binding did not change. When these same proteins were treated with enzymes in the immobilized digestive enzyme assay system used to mimic human digestion, the binding of IgE to the crude peanut and crude soy extracts was reduced; 100-fold for peanut and 10-fold for soybean. Therefore it appears that thermal denaturation of peanut and soybean protein extracts does not enhance or reduce IgE- and IgG-specific binding activity. Chemical denaturation appears to minimally reduce the binding of these proteins.
Burks, AW; Williams, LW; Thresher, W; Connaughton, C; Cockrell, G; Helm, RM
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