An infant with homozygous hemoglobin D-Iran.
Hemoglobin D-Iran (Hb D-Iran, beta 22 Glu-->Gln) is a beta-chain variant that was first described in 1973. Hb D-Iran in combination with normal Hb A (Hb D-Iran trait) is a benign condition. Hb D-Iran has also been described in combination with sickle hemoglobin and beta thalassemia, but never as a homozygous mutation. The authors describe a case of homozygous Hb D-Iran in an infant of Pakistani descent. The hematologic values, hemoglobin electrophoresis, peripheral blood smear, and clinical course to date suggest that homozygous Hb D-Iran is a relatively benign condition with mild microcytic anemia, poikilocytosis, and minimal hemolysis.
Thornburg, CD; Zimmerman, SA; Schultz, WH; Ware, RE
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