S-nitrosoglutathione inhibits alpha1-adrenergic receptor-mediated vasoconstriction and ligand binding in pulmonary artery.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Endogenous nitric oxide donor compounds (S-nitrosothiols) contribute to low vascular tone by both cGMP-dependent and -independent pathways. We have reported that S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) inhibits 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-mediated pulmonary vasoconstriction via a cGMP-independent mechanism likely involving S-nitrosylation of its G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) system. Because catecholamines, like 5-HT, constrict lung vessels via a GPCR coupled to G(q), we hypothesized that S-nitrosothiols modify the alpha1-adrenergic GPCR system to inhibit pulmonary vasoconstriction by receptor agonists, e.g., phenylephrine (PE). Rat pulmonary artery rings were pretreated for 30 min with and without an S-nitrosothiol, either GSNO or S-nitrosocysteine (CSNO), and constricted with sequential concentrations of PE (10(-8)-10(-6) M). Effective cGMP-dependence was tested in rings pretreated with soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitors {either 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) or LY-83583} or G kinase inhibitor (KT-5823), and a thiol reductant [dithiothreitol (DTT)] was used to test reversibility of S-nitrosylation. Both S-nitrosothiols attenuated the PE dose response. The GSNO effect was not prevented by LY-83583, ODQ, or KT-5823, indicating cGMP independence. GSNO inhibition was reversed by DTT, consistent with S-nitrosylation or other GSNO-mediated cysteine modifications. In CSNO-treated lung protein, the alpha1-adrenergic receptor was shown to undergo S-nitrosylation in vitro using a biotin switch assay. Studies of alpha1-adrenergic receptor subtype expression and receptor density by saturation binding with 125I-HEAT showed that GSNO decreased alpha1-adrenergic receptor density but did not alter affinity for antagonist or agonist. These data demonstrate a novel cGMP-independent mechanism of reversible alpha1-adrenergic receptor inhibition by S-nitrosothiols.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nozik-Grayck, E; Whalen, EJ; Stamler, JS; McMahon, TJ; Chitano, P; Piantadosi, CA

Published Date

  • January 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 290 / 1

Start / End Page

  • L136 - L143

PubMed ID

  • 16126786

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-0605

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajplung.00230.2005


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States