Palladium nanoparticles decorated single-walled carbon nanotube hydrogen sensor
We developed a simple and cost-effective fabrication technique to construct a hydrogen nanosensor by decorating single-walled carbon nanotubes with Pd nanoparticles. By varying the sensor's synthesis conditions (e.g., Pd electrodeposition charge, deposition potential, and initial baseline resistance of the SWNT network), the sensing performance was optimized. The optimized sensor showed excellent sensing properties toward hydrogen (ΔR/R of 0.42%/ppm) with a lower detection limit of 100 ppm and a linear response up to 1000 ppm. The response time decreased from tens of minutes to a few minutes with increasing hydrogen concentration at room temperature. The sensor's recovery time improved under humid air conditions compared to dry air conditions. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
Mubeen, S; Zhang, T; Yoo, B; Deshusses, MA; Myung, NV
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