In vitro analysis of stone fragmentation ability of the FREDDY laser.

The Frequency-Doubled Double-Pulse Nd:Yag) (FREDDY) laser (World of Medicine, Berlin Germany) is a short-pulsed, double-frequency solid-state laser with wavelengths of 532 and 1064 nm. This low-power, low-cost laser was developed for intracorporeal lithotripsy. We designed an experimental set-up to test its fragmentation efficiency at different energy and frequency settings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Delvecchio, FC; Auge, BK; Brizuela, RM; Weizer, AZ; Zhong, P; Preminger, GM

Published Date

  • April 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 177 - 179

PubMed ID

  • 12803991

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0892-7790

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/089277903321618752


  • eng

Citation Source

  • PubMed