Measurement of high intensity focused ultrasound fields by a fiber optic probe hydrophone.


Journal Article

The acoustic fields of a high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) transducer operating either at its fundamental (1.1 MHz) or third harmonic (3.3 MHz) frequency were measured by a fiber optic probe hydrophone (FOPH). At 1.1 MHz when the electric power applied to the transducer was increased from 1.6 to 125 W, the peak positive/negative pressures at the focus were measured to be p(+) = 1.7-23.3 MPa and p(-) = -1.2(-) -10.0 MPa. The corresponding spatial-peak pulse-average (I(SPPA)) and spatial-average pulse-average (I(SAPA)) intensities were I(SPPA) =77-6000 W/cm2 and I(SAPA) = 35-4365 W/cm2. Nonlinear propagation with harmonics generation was dominant at high intensities, leading to a reduced -6 dB beam size (L x W) of the compressional wave (11.5 x 1.8-8.8 1.04 mm) but an increased beam size of the rarefactional wave (12.5 x 1.6-13.2 x 2.0 mm). Enhancement ratio of absorbed power density in water increased from 1.0 to 3.0. In comparison, the HIFU transducer working at 3.3 MHz produced higher peak pressures (p(+) = 3.0-35.1 MPa and p(-) = -2.5(-) - 13.8 MPa) with smaller beam size (0.5 x 4 mm). Overall, FOPH was found to be a convenient and reliable tool for HIFU exposimetry measurement.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Zhou, Y; Zhai, L; Simmons, R; Zhong, P

Published Date

  • August 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 120 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 676 - 685

PubMed ID

  • 16938956

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16938956

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-8524

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-4966

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1121/1.2214131


  • eng