Antigen-induced arthritis. Studies on the inhibition of proteoglycan synthesis observed in articular cartilage during short-term joint inflammation.

Published

Journal Article

During the acute phase of antigen-induced arthritis, cartilage was obtained from five different sites within the joint, and chondrocyte activity was assessed by autoradiography of sections labeled with 35S-sulfate. There was a marked inhibition of chondrocyte proteoglycan synthesis in all weight-bearing areas; in addition, the complete superficial layer of cells and many mid-zone cells in these areas were completely inactive. Electron microscopy showed that the inactive surface cells had degenerated completely, and that many mid-zone cells contained an accumulation of intracytoplasmic filaments and were depleted in biosynthetic organelles. A biochemical study of the inhibition showed that: 1) the incorporation of 35S-sulfate and 3H-acetate into glycosaminoglycans was inhibited to a similar extent; 2) the inhibition of glycosaminoglycan synthesis could not be reversed either by the addition of benzyl-beta-D-xyloside to incubations or by maintenance of the cartilage in organ culture for 6 days; 3) the inhibited chondrocytes exhibited a decreased ability to secrete proteoglycans into the extracellular fraction of the cartilage.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sandy, JD; Lowther, DA; Brown, HL

Published Date

  • April 1980

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 433 - 447

PubMed ID

  • 7370060

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7370060

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0004-3591

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States