Developmental changes of glycine transport in the dog.
The renal clearance of amino acids was measured in canine pups between 5 days and 12 weeks of age. The reabsorption of glycine was incomplete at 5 and 21 days, indicating a physiologic aminoaciduria of immaturity. An adult pattern of 97-100% reabsorption appeared by 8 weeks of age. The uptake of glycine by isolated renal tubules from 5-day-old, 3-month-old and adult dogs was examined towards an understanding of the events underlying this aminoaciduria. The initial uptake of 0.042 mM glycine by isolated tubules from the newborn was lower than that of the adult, but after 30 min of incubation the newborn surpassed the adult. A steady state of uptake was not achieved by the newborn even after 90 min of incubation, while it was achieved in the adult after 30 min. The uptake by the 3-month-old tubules resembled the adult at the early time points and the newborn at later points. With 1.032 mM glycine, a similar relationship of uptake between adult and newborn tubules was found, except with this concentration, the uptake by both the newborn and adult tubules reached a steady state. The concentration dependence of glycine uptake showed two saturable transport systems with similar apparent Km and Vmax values after 30 min of incubation for all three age groups. Determination of glycine flux by compartmental analysis revealed decreased influx and efflux in the newborn, but with a greater decrease in efflux, compared to adult. These changes of influx and efflux which accompany renal tubule maturation could contribute to the increased intracellular amino acid levels and decreased reabsorption of amino acids seen in the immature dog.
Medow, MS; Foreman, JW; Bovee, KC; Segal, S
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