Developmental aspects of sugar transport by isolated dog renal cortical tubules.
alpha-Methyl-D-glucoside (AMG) uptake was examined in isolated renal cortical tubules from newborn, 3-month-old, and adult dogs. All three age groups demonstrated active sugar transport. The initial rate of AMG uptake was similar in the 3-month-old and adult tubules which was twice that of the newborn. At steady-state, the adult and newborn tubules had achieved a similar intracellular AMG concentration which was 45% greater than that of the 3-month-old. Determination of the flux constants of these uptake patterns revealed that there was an age-dependent increase in both the net flux and the fractional influx rate constant. However, the 3-month-old had the highest fractional efflux rate constant and the newborn the lowest value with the adult in between. Kinetic analysis of AMG uptake showed a single saturable transport system for each age group. The newborn and adult had similar Km values but the 3-month-old had a value that was 60% higher. The 3-month-old tubules had the highest Vmax and the newborn tubules the lowest with the adult value in between. AMG uptake by tubules from each age group demonstrated a similar pattern of inhibition in a low sodium buffer and by glucose and phlorizin. This indicated that, aside from kinetic changes with maturation, the saturable transport system for AMG is similar in each age group.
Foreman, JW; Medow, MS; Wald, H; Ginkinger, K; Segal, S
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