Characteristics of lysine uptake by isolated renal cortical tubule fragments from mature and immature dogs.
The uptake of L-lysine was examined in isolated renal cortical tubule fragments from adult and 1-week-old dogs. Lysine uptake by adult tubules was initially more rapid than that by the immature tubules. This uptake by mature tubules reached a steady state after 30 min of incubation, while the newborn tubules still had not reached a steady state by 90 min of incubation. Because a steady state of lysine uptake was not attained with the immature tubules, their uptake of lysine exceeded that of the adult after 60 min of incubation. Kinetic studies revealed that lysine was taken up by one saturable transport system with a Km of 0.56 mM and Vmax of 6.18 mmol/liter intercellular fluid per 5 min in the adult and one saturable transport system in the 1-week-old with a Km of 0.38 mM and Vmax of 3.66 mmol/l intracellular fluid per 5 min. Lysine also entered the renal tubule cells in both age groups via a diffusional pathway with a kd of 0.35 min-1 in the adult and 0.30 min-1 in the newborn. Cystine competitively inhibited lysine uptake by adult dog tubules with a Ki of 0.61 mM. The other dibasic amino acids, ornithine and arginine, also inhibited lysine uptake in both the adult and the newborn.
Foreman, JW; Hwang, SM; Medow, M; Segal, S
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