Insulin-like growth factor-I gene expression in the tibial epiphyseal growth plate of growth hormone-treated uremic rats.
To identify the molecular mechanisms involved in long bone growth of uremic animals, we evaluated the effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) supplementation on whole body growth, growth plate morphometrics, and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene expression in the tibial epiphyseal growth plates of uremic rats. Uremia was induced by a two-stage subtotal nephrectomy (Nx) of 30-day-old rats, followed by rhGH (N = 6) or saline (N = 6) treatment from day 56 to day 70 of age. Controls (N = 4) were sham decapsulated. Treatment with rhGH on Nx animals caused: (1) a significant increase in weight, (2) longitudinal growth similar to controls, and (3) increased total growth plate width predominantly due to an increase in hypertrophic zone width. rhGH increased IGF-I mRNA abundance in both zones, but the increase was greater in the proliferative zone. These changes were accompanied by concomitant alterations in IGF-I immunoreactivity. In uremic animals, therefore, rhGH treatment induces local IGF-I gene expression in the growth plate and increases the hypertrophic zone width but not the proliferative zone width. The latter suggests resistance to IGF-I action in that zone.
Hanna, JD; Santos, F; Foreman, JW; Chan, JC; Han, VK
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