Co-expression of angiogenic markers and associations with prognosis in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the co-expression and prognostic relevance of thrombospondin-1 (THBS-1), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Frozen tumor specimens with defined p53 status were obtained from 67 patients with previously untreated advanced-stage EOC who participated in a Gynecologic Oncology Group specimen-banking protocol and a phase III treatment protocol. Relative expression of the angiogenic markers was quantified by immunoblot analysis and categorized at the median angiogenic marker/actin ratio. p-values are provided as an indication of confidence in the results and to prioritize further testing. RESULTS: An association was observed between categorized VEGF and p53 overexpression (p=0.022), and between VEGFR-1 and race (p=0.027) or histologic subtype (p=0.007). Unadjusted Cox regression analyses indicated that high compared with low THBS-1, but not VEGF or VEGFR-1, was associated with an increased risk of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR]=2.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.29-3.71; p=0.004) and death (HR=1.93; 95% CI=1.12-3.32; p=0.018) whereas bFGF was associated with a reduced risk of disease progression (HR=0.60; 95% CI=0.36-0.99; p=0.046) and death (HR=0.54; 95% CI=0.32-0.93; p=0.026). After adjusting for prognostic factors including clinical characteristics and p53 overexpression, THBS-1 but not bFGF, VEGF or VEGFR-1 was associated with progression-free and overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that high THBS-1 is an independent predictor of worse progression-free and overall survival in women with advanced-stage EOC. A larger prospective study is warranted for validation of these findings.
Secord, AA; Darcy, KM; Hutson, A; Lee, PS; Havrilesky, LJ; Grace, LA; Berchuck, A; Gynecologic Oncology Group study,
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