Coping with unreliable public water supplies: Averting expenditures by households in Kathmandu, Nepal

Journal Article (Review;Journal)

This paper investigates two complementary pieces of data on households' demand for improved water services, coping costs and willingness to pay (WTP), from a survey of 1500 randomly sampled households in Kathmandu, Nepal. We evaluate how coping costs and WTP vary across types of water users and income. We find that households in Kathmandu Valley engage in five main types of coping behaviors: collecting, pumping, treating, storing, and purchasing. These activities impose coping costs on an average household of as much as 3 U.S. dollars per month or about 1% of current incomes, representing hidden but real costs of poor infrastructure service. We find that these coping costs are almost twice as much as the current monthly bills paid to the water utility but are significantly lower than estimates of WTP for improved services. We find that coping costs are statistically correlated with WTP and several household characteristics. Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pattanayak, SK; Yang, JC; Whittington, D; Bal Kumar, KC

Published Date

  • February 1, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 11

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0043-1397

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1029/2003WR002443

Citation Source

  • Scopus