Regulation of CDK7-carboxyl-terminal domain kinase activity by the tumor suppressor p16(INK4A) contributes to cell cycle regulation.


Journal Article

The eukaryotic cell cycle is regulated by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). CDK4 and CDK6, which are activated by D-type cyclins during the G(1) phase of the cell cycle, are thought to be responsible for phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb). The tumor suppressor p16(INK4A) inhibits phosphorylation of pRb by CDK4 and CDK6 and can thereby block cell cycle progression at the G(1)/S boundary. Phosphorylation of the carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II by general transcription factor TFIIH is believed to be an important regulatory event in transcription. TFIIH contains a CDK7 kinase subunit and phosphorylates the CTD. We have previously shown that p16(INK4A) inhibits phosphorylation of the CTD by TFIIH. Here we report that the ability of p16(INK4A) to inhibit CDK7-CTD kinase contributes to the capacity to induce cell cycle arrest. These results suggest that p16(INK4A) may regulate cell cycle progression by inhibiting not only CDK4-pRb kinase activity but also by modulating CDK7-CTD kinase activity. Regulation of CDK7-CTD kinase activity by p16(INK4A) thus may represent an alternative pathway for controlling cell cycle progression.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Nishiwaki, E; Turner, SL; Harju, S; Miyazaki, S; Kashiwagi, M; Koh, J; Serizawa, H

Published Date

  • October 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 7726 - 7734

PubMed ID

  • 11003668

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11003668

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0270-7306

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/mcb.20.20.7726-7734.2000


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States