PAF-induced contraction of canine trachea mediated by 5-hydroxytryptamine in vivo.
We studied the secretory correlates of tracheal smooth muscle contraction caused by platelet-activating factor (PAF) in nine mongrel dogs in vivo. In five dogs, dose-response curves were generated by rapid intra-arterial injection of 10(-10) to 10(-6) mol PAF into the isolated tracheal circulation; tracheal contractile response was measured isometrically in situ. To examine the mechanism by which PAF elicits contraction of canine trachealis, concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) and histamine were assayed in the venous effluent as the arteriovenous difference (AVd) in mediator concentration across the airway for each level of contraction. PAF caused dose-related active tracheal tension to a maximum of 37.2 +/- 5.4 g/cm (10(-6) mol PAF). The AVd in 5-HT increased linearly from 0.20 +/- 0.05 (10(-9) mol PAF) to 3.5 +/- 0.3 ng/ml (10(-6) mol PAF) (P less than 0.005). In contrast, the AVd in histamine was insignificant and did not change with increasing doses of PAF. A positive correlation was obtained between the AVd in 5-HT and active tracheal tension (r = 0.92, P less than 0.001); there was no correlation between AVd in histamine and active tension (r = -0.16). PAF-induced parasympathetic activation was not mediated by 5-HT; contraction elicited by exogenous 5-HT was not affected by muscarinic blockade. We conclude that nonparasympathetically mediated contraction elicited acutely by PAF in dogs results at least in part from secondary release of serotonin and is not mediated by histamine.
Murphy, TM; Munoz, NM; Moss, J; Blake, JS; Mack, MM; Leff, AR
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