Extracellular Ca2+ mobilization in potential-dependent contraction of trachealis of maturing swine.
We studied the effect of maturation on potassium-induced parasympathetic activation and Ca2+ entry in tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) from fifteen 2-wk-old (2ws) and sixteen 10-wk-old (10ws) male domestic farm swine. Atropine (10(-7) M) caused inhibition of the maximal contraction elicited by potassium to 50.3 +/- 2.6% maximum of control response (P less than 0.001) in TSM from 2ws but had no significant effect in TSM from 10ws (94.6 +/- 4.2% maximum; P = NS vs. control). Verapamil (10(-7) M) plus 10(-7) M atropine reduced contraction elicited by potassium in both 2ws (23.7 +/- 5.8% maximum; P less than 0.001 vs. control) and 10ws (50.6 +/- 6.3% maximum; P less than 0.001 vs. control, P less than 0.05 vs. 2ws); 10(-6)M verapamil caused greater than 95% blockade of contraction caused by potassium in both 2ws and 10ws. In separate studies, atropine-treated strips were equilibrated with extracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]o) ranging from normal (1X [Ca2+]o) to four times normal (4x [Ca2+]o). Increasing [Ca2+]o increased maximal contractile response in atropine-treated TSM strips from 68.7 +/- 3.8% maximum for 1x [Ca2+]o to 100.8 +/- 4.8% maximum for 4x [Ca2+]o (P less than 0.001) in 2ws. Neither atropine nor [Ca2+]o affected maximal responses of TSM in 10ws (103.5 +/- 3.0% maximum for 1x [Ca2+]o; P = NS vs. control). However, in the presence of atropine and verapamil, 4x [Ca2+]o augmented KCl-elicited contraction of TSM from both 2ws (46.9 +/- 6.3% maximum; P less than 0.01 vs. control) and 10ws (78.6 +/- 2.3% maximum; P less than 0.005 vs. control).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Mitchell, RW; Murphy, TM; Kelly, E; Leff, AR
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