Chromatin-related properties of CBP fused to MLL generate a myelodysplastic-like syndrome that evolves into myeloid leukemia.


Journal Article

As a result of the recurring translocation t(11;16) (q23;p13.3), MLL (mixed-lineage leukemia) is fused in frame to CBP (CREB binding protein). This translocation has been documented almost exclusively in cases of acute leukemia or myelodysplasia secondary to therapy with drugs that target DNA topo isomerase II. The minimal chimeric protein that is produced fuses MLL to the bromodomain, histone acetyltransferase (HAT) domain, EIA-binding domain and steroid-receptor coactivator binding domains of CBP. We show that transplantation of bone marrow retrovirally transduced with MLL-CBP induces myeloid leukemias in mice that are preceded by a long preleukemic phase similar to the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) seen in many t(11;16) patients but unusual for other MLL translocations. Structure-function analysis demonstrated that fusion of both the bromodomain and HAT domain of CBP to the amino portion of MLL is required for full in vitro transformation and is sufficient to induce the leukemic phenotype in vivo. This suggests that the leukemic effect of MLL-CBP results from the fusion of the chromatin association and modifying activities of CBP with the DNA binding activities of MLL.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lavau, C; Du, C; Thirman, M; Zeleznik-Le, N

Published Date

  • September 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 4655 - 4664

PubMed ID

  • 10970858

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10970858

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0261-4189

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/emboj/19.17.4655


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England