Body weight and fat deposition in prolactin receptor-deficient mice.
To explore the roles of the lactogens in adipose tissue development and function, we measured body weight, abdominal fat content, and plasma leptin concentrations in a unique model of lactogen resistance: the PRL receptor (PRLR)-deficient mouse. The absence of PRLRs in knockout mice was accompanied by a small (5-12%), but progressive, reduction in body weight after 16 weeks of age. Females were affected to a greater degree than males. The reduction in weight in female PRLR-deficient mice (age 8-9 months) was associated with a 49% reduction in total abdominal fat mass and a 29% reduction in fat mass expressed as a percentage of body weight. Lesser reductions were noted in male mice. Plasma leptin concentrations were reduced in females but not in males. That the reductions in abdominal fat may reflect in part the absence of lactogen action in the adipocyte is suggested by the demonstration of PRLR messenger RNA in normal mouse white adipose tissue. Nevertheless, steady state levels of PRLR messenger RNA in mature adipocytes are very low, suggesting that the effects of lactogens might be mediated by other hormones or cellular growth factors. Our observations suggest roles for the lactogens in adipose tissue growth and metabolism in pregnancy and postnatal life.
Freemark, M; Fleenor, D; Driscoll, P; Binart, N; Kelly, P
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