Quantifying skeletal muscle properties in cadaveric test specimens: effects of mechanical loading, postmortem time, and freezer storage.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Investigators currently lack the data necessary to define the state of skeletal muscle properties within cadaveric specimens. The purpose of this study is to define the temporal changes in the postmortem properties of skeletal muscle as a function of mechanical loading and freezer storage. The tibialis anterior of the New Zealand white rabbit was chosen for study. Modulus and no-load strain were found to vary significantly from live after eight hours postmortem. Following the changes that occur during rigor mortis, a stable region of postmortem, post-rigor properties occurred between 36 to 72 hours postmortem. A freeze-thaw process was not found to have a significant effect on the post-rigor response. The first loading cycle response of post-rigor muscle was unrepeatable but stiffer than live passive muscle. After preconditioning, the post-rigor muscle response was repeatable. The preconditioned post-rigor response was less stiff than the live passive response due to a significant increase in no-load strain. Failure properties of postmortem muscle were found to be significantly different from live passive muscle with a significant decrease in failure stress (61 percent) and energy (81 percent), while failure strain was unchanged. These results suggest that the post-rigor response of cadaveric muscle is unaffected by freezing but sensitive to even a few cycles of mechanical loading.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Van Ee, CA; Chasse, AL; Myers, BS

Published Date

  • February 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 122 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 9 - 14

PubMed ID

  • 10790824

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-8951

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0731

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1115/1.429621


  • eng