Would revision arthroplasty be facilitated by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy? An evaluation including whole bone strength in dogs.
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy has been proposed as a modality to facilitate the removal of bone cement during revision arthroplasty; however, concomitant cortical microfractures have been reported. The current study examines the effect on whole bone strength of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy directed at the cement-bone complex. Canine femora were subjected to manual cement extraction or lithotripsy followed by manual cement extraction. Contralateral femora served as controls. Torsional fractures were created, and maximum torque, maximum angular displacement, and energy capacity to failure were determined. Although cement extraction alone reduced mean torque by 6.6% and failed to reduce mean torque angle or mean energy capacity, the combination of lithotripsy and cement extraction reduced mean torque by 7.3%, mean torque angle by 14.3%, and mean energy capacity by 18.3%. No statistical significance was demonstrated between the two groups in torque, angle, or energy capacity. At magnitudes and numbers of shock waves previously shown to significantly reduce cement-bone interface mechanical strength, lithotripsy exposure had a minimal and insignificant effect on whole bone strength.
Stranne, SK; Callaghan, JJ; Cocks, FH; Weinerth, JL; Seaber, AV; Myers, BS
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