Computed axial tomography tandem and ovoids (CATTO) dosimetry: three-dimensional assessment of bladder and rectal doses.
The purpose of this work is to compare bladder and rectal dose rates in brachytherapy for carcinoma of the cervix using two different dosimetry systems: traditional orthogonal radiograph-based dosimetry vs. computed axial tomography tandem and ovoids (CATTO) dosimetry. Twenty-two patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix received the brachytherapy component of their radiotherapy with a computed-tomography compatible Fletcher-Suit-Delclos device. A total of 27 implants were performed. The average maximum bladder dose (Bmax) for the implants was 85.8 cGy/hr using the CATTO system as compared to 42.6 cGy/hr using traditional dosimetry, (P < 0.005). The average maximum rectal dose (R.) using the CATTO system was 59.2 cGy/hr as compared with 46.3 cGy/hr using the traditional system (P < 0.05). The traditional methods for choosing points to determine bladder and rectal dose rates underestimated the true Bmax in all cases and the R. in most. Based on the complication rates published in the literature, it is likely that the maximum tolerance dose of both the rectum and bladder, but especially the bladder, is higher than previously thought.
Gebara, WJ; Weeks, KJ; Hahn, CA; Montana, GS; Anscher, MS
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