Adult adipose-derived stem cell attachment to biomaterials.

Journal Article

Attachment of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) to biomaterials prior to implantation is a possible strategy for mediating inflammation and wound healing. In this study, the ASC percent coverage was measured on common medical grade biosensor materials subjected to different surface treatments. Cell coverage on silicone elastomer (poly-dimethylsiloxane) was below 20% for all surface treatments. Polyimide (Kapton), polyurethane (Pellethane) and tissue culture polystyrene all exhibited >50% coverage for surfaces treated with fibronectin (Fn), fibronectin plus avidin/biotin (dual ligand), and oxygen plasma plus fibronectin treatments (FnO2). The fibronectin treatment performed as well or better on polyimide, polyurethane, and tissue culture polystyrene compared to the dual ligand and fibronectin oxygen plasma-treated surfaces. Cell detachment with increasing shear stresses was <25% for each attachment method on both polyimide and polyurethane. The effects of attachment methods on the basic cell functions of proliferation, metabolism, ATP concentration, and caspase-3 activity were analyzed yielding proliferation profiles that were very similar among all of the materials. No significant differences in metabolism, intracellular ATP, or intracellular caspase-3 activity were observed for any of the attachment methods on either polyimide or polyurethane.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Prichard, HL; Reichert, WM; Klitzman, B

Published Date

  • February 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 936 - 946

PubMed ID

  • 17074385

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0142-9612

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2006.09.012

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands