Race and colorectal cancer screening: a population-based study in North Carolina.
OBJECTIVE: National and state data document racial differences in colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality and incidence. Screening for CRC reduces cancer incidence and deaths. Racial differences in colorectal cancer screening behavior may contribute to the racial disparity in incidence and mortality. The purpose of this study was to determine if colorectal cancer screening rates are different between blacks and whites while controlling for potential confounders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. DATA SOURCE(S)/STUDY SETTING: We used data from the North Carolina Colon Cancer Study, a population-based case-control study conducted in 33 counties of North Carolina. We analyzed data from 598 control subjects who were eligible for colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: Trained nurses conducted face-to-face interviews from October 1996 through October 2000. RESULTS: Overall, 50% of the respondents were compliant with CRC screening guidelines. In the multivariable logistic regression model having a regular doctor and participation in a general medical exam were significantly associated with current screening status with odds ratios (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) of 3.8 (1.7-8.3) and 3.7 (2.1-6.7), respectively. Older age was a significant predictor of current screening status with an OR (95% CI) of 2.9 (1.7-4.8) for those 60-69 compared to respondents 50-59 and OR 3.2 (1.9-5.5) for those 70 and older compared to respondents 50-59. After adjusting for age, having a regular doctor and participation in general medical exams, race was not significantly associated with current CRC screening status, with an OR of 1.1 (95% CI 0.7-1.6). CONCLUSION: CRC screening rates in North Carolina were low. Race was not a significant determinant of screening behavior and therefore does not explain the racial disparity in incidence or survival. Older age, having a regular doctor and participating in general medical exams were significant predictors of CRC screening. RELEVANCE: This study reinforces the fact that screening rates in North Carolina are low despite the strong evidence that colorectal cancer screening reduces cancer deaths.
Fisher, DA; Dougherty, K; Martin, C; Galanko, J; Provenzale, D; Sandler, RS
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)