The effect of alcoholism in methadone-maintained persons on productive activity: a randomized control trial.
The effect of alcoholism on indices of productive activity was determined in a prospective, randomized, and controlled study of alcoholism in narcotic addicts undergoing methadone maintenance (MM) therapy. Indices of productive activity included: percentage of persons engaged in productive activities; number of days worked per quarter; number of arrests per quarter; number of hospitalizations; and days of hospitalizations per quarter. Baseline as well as longitudinal data were obtained on operative alcoholics (OA), inactive alcoholics (IA), and nonalcoholics (NA). OA patients were subsequently randomized to a control group or groups receiving either abstinence-oriented insight group therapy or controlled drinking-oriented behavioral modification group therapy. The retention rate in MM of OA versus NA during the 29-month clinical phase of the study did not differ significantly. Similarly, no significance was reported with respect to any index of productive activity. Indices of productive activity in OA undergoing treatment as compared to those randomized to the control group also did not reveal any significant differences. The compliance of OA in seeking and maintaining therapy for their alcoholism, however, was sufficiently poor so that any conclusions concerning the effectiveness of therapy on indices of productive activity should be viewed cautiously.
Cohen, M; Korts, D; Hanbury, R; Sturiano, V; Jackson, G; Stimmel, B
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