Correlation of mucosal disaccharidase activities with histology in evaluation of rejection following intestinal transplantation.
Following intestinal transplantation, we have found that recovery from severe rejection may be difficult to identify. In this study we sought to ascertain whether concurrent determination of mucosal disaccharidase activities and histologic assessment improves the accuracy of diagnosis of rejection. Histologic changes were graded blindly using a standard set of diagnostic criteria, and these changes were compared over time to maltase, sucrase, lactase, and palatinase activities in four pediatric patients under treatment for severe rejection. The histologic criteria, which included magnitude of enterocyte loss, degree of granulation tissue, severity of villus atrophy, and frequency of apoptosis and cryptitis, were found to correlate with one another over time irrespective of outcome (r = 0.72 to r = 0.85). Enzyme activities were also correlated with each other over time (r = 0.64 to r = 0.80). However, the correlation between histologic diagnosis and enzyme activity was weaker (r = -0.48 to r = -0.57). Furthermore, neither histologic nor enzyme evaluation early in the course of rejection predicted ultimate clinical outcome. The results of this investigation show that determination of mucosal disaccharidase activity provides no additional useful information concerning efficacy of anti-rejection therapy as compared to histologic analysis alone.
Kaufman, SS; Wisecarver, JL; Ruby, EI; Fox, IJ; Sudan, DL; Pillen, TJ; Dhawan, A; Horslen, SP; Vanderhoof, JA; Radio, SJ; Markin, RS; Langnas, AN
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