Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2: an androgen-dependent predictor of prostate cancer survival.
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family is important in prostate cancer. We evaluate the ability of IGF markers to predict biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS) following radical prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: Preoperative sera from 141 patients undergoing RRP were analyzed for IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3. A multivariate Cox model was created to assess the ability of these markers to predict bRFS. Preoperative covariables included: biopsy Gleason score, clinical TNM stage, serum PSA and neoadjuvant hormonotherapy. Kaplan-Meier curves were stratifying by IGF cutpoints (determined by ROC analysis) and hormonotherapy status. RESULTS: Average follow-up was 6.92 years, median PSA was 6.9 ng/ml and 85.1% of patients had cT2NxM0 disease. 49 patients experienced a PSA failure. Average levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 were 156.5 ng/ml, 48.1 ng/ml, 396.8 ng/ml and 3303.7 ng/ml, respectively. IGFBP-2 was an independent predictor of PSA failure. Patients treated with neoadjuvant ADT (n=71) and whom had high IGFBP-2 levels experienced a 5-year bRFS that was better than those with low IGFBP-2 levels (77.7% vs. 53.3%). Patients without neoadjuvant ADT whom had high IGFBP-2 levels had a 5-year bRFS that was worse than those with low IGFBP-2 levels (64.5% vs. 82.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative IGFBP-2 predicts post-radical prostatectomy bRFS and is independent of stage, Gleason score and PSA. Increased IGFBP-2 is associated with better survival in patients with neoadjuvant hormonotherapy but worse survival in those without, suggesting a dramatic switch in function of this protein dependent on the presence or absence of androgens.
Inman, BA; Harel, F; Audet, J-F; Meyer, F; Douville, P; Fradet, Y; Lacombe, L
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