RB1CC1 insufficiency causes neuronal atrophy through mTOR signaling alteration and involved in the pathology of Alzheimer's diseases.
RB1-inducible Coiled-Coil 1 (RB1CC1) has been shown to be a novel tumor suppressor regulating RB1 expression. Neuronal abundance of RB1CC1 is reported to contribute to the non-proliferating enlarged cell phenotype through the maintenance of RB1 and mTOR. To clarify whether RB1CC1 insufficiency is involved in neuronal atrophy and Alzheimer's pathology, we investigated modifications of RB1CC1 as a possible cause of atrophy or death through the disturbance of mTOR signaling in Neuro-2a neuroblastoma cells. We also evaluated the correlation between RB1CC1 and mTOR signaling in a series of Alzheimer's brain tissues. Though RB1CC1 introduction enhanced neurite growth, RNAi-mediated knockdown of RB1CC1 or rapamycin treatment caused neurite atrophy and apoptosis due to mTOR signaling reduction in the differentiated Neuro-2a cells. Both TSC1 and RB1CC1 were equally functional and maintained mTOR signaling, indicated by phospho-S6 (Ser240/244) expression in 69% of Alzheimer's (9/13 cases) and 100% of normal brains (6/6 cases). However, scanty RB1CC1 expression, less than TSC1, caused phospho-S6 disappearance in 31% of Alzheimer's tissues (4/13 cases). These findings suggest that RB1CC1 insufficiency may result in mTOR signaling repression through unbalanced TSC1 abundance and may induce neuronal atrophy. These observations may have implications for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
Chano, T; Okabe, H; Hulette, CM
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