Specialist/generalist division of responsibility for patients with mental disorders.
The division of responsibility between general medical staff and mental specialists for care of persons with medical record diagnoses of mental disorders is documented in four organized health care settings. Rates of mental disorders identified in all departments ranged from 35.6 to 122.8 per 1,000 population. Specialty mental health departments treated most severe psychotic and personality disorders, plus transient situational disturbances, whereas neurotic, childhood behavior, and psychophysiological disorders received as much or greater attention in general medical departments. Mental disorder diagnoses were associated with greater patient use of general medical departments. However, joint specialty mental health/general medical treatment of these patients was associated with lower general medical department visit rates in all settings. Such joint care was facilitated by the low average visit frequency use of mental health departments. (2.2 to 8.9 visits per patient per year).
Regier, DA; Goldberg, ID; Burns, BJ; Hankin, J; Hoeper, EW; Nycz, GR
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