Rearrangement of BCR genes in malignant lymphoma.
The Philadelphia chromosome, originally thought to be associated solely with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), has since been identified in acute leukemias and in some cases of lymphoma. The Philadelphia chromosome results from reciprocal translocation of genetic material between chromosome 9 and 22 involving the c-abl and BCR genes respectively. Southern blot analysis of the BCR genes was carried out on biopsy specimens from 49 patients presenting with malignant lymphoma without a previously documented CML phase. In two patients, BCR gene rearrangements were detected in the malignant lymph nodes but not in the bone marrow samples. A third patient showed BCR gene rearrangements in the bone marrow but not in the lymph node. From this limited study, it seems that the overall incidence of BCR gene rearrangement in malignant lymphoma is similar to that observed in adult AML.
Cheng, G; McLeish, W; Huebsch, L; Drouin, J; van der Jagt, R; Tittley, P; Markman, S; Aye, MT; Burns, B
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