Hydrolyzed lactalbumin-based oral rehydration solution for acute diarrhoea in infants.
The addition of different organic substrates to standard glucose oral rehydration solution (G-ORS) has been shown to improve the intestinal absorption of sodium and water, and thereby decrease stool losses. Therefore, we evaluated, in infants with acute diarrhoea, the safety and efficacy of three oral rehydration solutions (ORS) which had the same concentrations of electrolytes (with sodium 60 mmol/l) but different substrates of proteins and carbohydrates. One solution (LAD-ORS) contained hydrolyzed lactalbumin (LAD) with maltodextrin and sucrose, a second (MS-ORS) was identical but without LAD and a third (G-ORS) was standard glucose ORS. The three solutions were compared in a double-blind, randomized trial in 74 hospitalized well-nourished children in Panama and the United States. All three oral rehydration solutions were equally efficacious and safe in these children, 54% of whom were infected with rotavirus. There was no suggestion that hydrolyzed lactalbumin or maltodextrin provided any advantage over glucose-ORS in terms of stool output or in duration of diarrhoea. We conclude that all three solutions are efficacious in the therapy of acute diarrhoea in infants.
Sack, RB; Castrellon, J; Della Sera, E; Goepp, J; Burns, B; Croll, J; Tseng, P; Reid, R; Carrizo, H; Santosham, M
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