Simulation of subtle lung nodules in projection chest radiography.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To measure the radiologic characteristics of subtle lung nodules and develop nodule phantoms that simulate these characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a database of chest radiographs, 16 radiographs that showed confirmed subtle lung nodules were selected. The optical density values surrounding each nodule were obtained, and the radiologic characteristic of the nodules were evaluated. A set of Teflon nodule phantoms with similar x-ray transmission and variability was designed and fabricated. The contrast characteristics of the images of the nodule phantoms were measured. RESULTS: Most of the subtle nodules appeared to have diffuse edges with Gaussian-like contrast profiles. The contrast and size characteristics of the nodule phantom images fulfilled the design criteria within a 4% deviation. CONCLUSION: The radiologic pattern of subtle lung nodules is poorly simulated by nodule phantoms with simple spherical or disk shapes. The nodule phantoms in this study produce realistic radiographic patterns with an energy-dependent attenuation equivalent to that of tissue. The nodule phantoms are intended for use in experiments involving human subjects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Samei, E; Flynn, MJ; Eyler, WR

Published Date

  • January 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 202 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 117 - 124

PubMed ID

  • 8988200

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-8419

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiology.202.1.8988200


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States