Nuclear medicine exposure in the United States, 2005-2007: preliminary results.
Medical radiation exposure of the U.S. population has not been systematically evaluated for almost 25 years. In 1982, the per-capita dose was estimated to be 0.54 mSv and the collective dose 124,000 person-Sv. The preliminary estimates of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Scientific Committee 6-2 medical subgroup are that, in 2006, the per-capita dose from all medical exposure (not including radiotherapy) had increased almost 600% to 3.0 mSv and the collective dose had increased more than 700% to approximately 900,000 person-Sv. >Nuclear medicine accounted for only about 2% of all procedures but 26% of the total collective dose from diagnostic studies in medicine. In 1982, the estimated number of nuclear medicine procedures was about 7.5 million. The per-capita effective dose from nuclear medicine was 0.14 mSv and the collective dose was 32,000 person Sv. By 2005, the estimated number of procedures had increased to about 19.6 million. The per-caput effective dose increased to about 0.75 mSv and the collective dose to about 220,000 person Sv. There also has been a marked shift in the type of procedures being performed with cardiac scanning accounting for about 70% of procedures.
Mettler, FA; Bhargavan, M; Thomadsen, BR; Gilley, DB; Lipoti, JA; Mahesh, M; McCrohan, J; Yoshizumi, TT
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