Ex vivo analysis of synergistic anion binding to FbpA in Gram-negative bacteria.

Published

Journal Article

Ferric binding protein, FbpA, is a member of the transferrin superfamily whose function is to move an essential nutrient, iron, across the periplasm and into the cytosol through formation of a ternary complex containing Fe (3+) and a synergistic anion, X. Here we utilize SUPREX ( stability of unpurified proteins from rates of H/D exchange) to determine the identification and distribution of the synergistic anion in FeFbpA-X species in periplasmic preparations from Gram-negative bacteria. SUPREX is a mass spectrometry-based technique uniquely suited for thermodynamic analyses of protein-ligand complexes in complex biological mixtures such as periplasmic preparations. Model binary mixtures of FeFbpA-Cit and FeFbpA-PO 4 were initially characterized by SUPREX due to the likely presence of citrate and phosphate ions in the periplasm. Ex vivo SUPREX analyses were performed on FeFbpA-X species overexpressed in an Escherichia coli cell line and on endogenous FeFbpA-X species in Neisseria gonorrheae. Detected in the E. coli periplasmic extract were two distinct populations of FbpA, including one in which the protein was unliganded (i.e., apoFbpA) and one in which the protein was bound to iron and the synergistic anion, phosphate (i.e., FeFbpA-PO 4). FeFbpA-PO 4 was the only population of FbpA molecules detected in the N. gonorrheae periplasmic extract. This work provides the first determination of the identity of the in vivo anion bound to FeFbpA-X in the periplasm and substantiates the hypothesis that the synergistic anion plays a structural and functional role in FbpA-mediated transport of iron across the periplasm and into the cytosol.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Roulhac, PL; Weaver, KD; Adhikari, P; Anderson, DS; DeArmond, PD; Mietzner, TA; Crumbliss, AL; Fitzgerald, MC

Published Date

  • April 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 14

Start / End Page

  • 4298 - 4305

PubMed ID

  • 18338854

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18338854

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-4995

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bi701188x

Language

  • eng