Influential variables associated with outcomes in patients with cervicogenic headache.
Cervicogenic headache (CGH) is a common sequela of upper cervical dysfunction with a significant impact on patients. Diagnosis and treatment have been well validated; however, few studies have described characteristics of patients that are associated with outcomes of physical therapy treatment of this disorder. A retrospective chart review of patient data was performed on a cohort of 44 patients with CGH. Patients had undergone a standardized physical therapy treatment approach that included spinal mobilization/manipulation and therapeutic exercise, and outcomes of treatment were determined by quantification of changes in headache pain intensity, headache frequency, and self-reported function. Multiple regression analysis was utilized to determine the relationship between a variety of patient-specific variables and these outcome measures. Increased patient age, provocation or relief of headache with movement, and being gainfully employed were all patient factors that were found to be significantly (P<0.05) related to improved outcomes.
Fleming, R; Forsythe, S; Cook, C
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