Structural properties of an active form of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.
The quaternary structure of an active form of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase was studied by sedimentation and electron microscopy. Active enzyme centrifugation studies at pH 7.0 and 23 +/- 1 degrees C showed that phosphofructokinase sediments as a single component with a sedimentation coefficient of 12.2 +/- 0.5 S. Identical results were obtained in two assay and three solvent systems. Boundary sedimentation studies of phosphofructokinase in the presence of 1.0 mM fructose 6-phosphate, 0.1 mM adenylyl imidodiphosphate at pH 7.0 and 23 +/- 1 degrees C were performed. The results showed that the sedimentation coefficient of phosphofructokinase remains constant within the range of protein concentration studied and assumes a value of 12.4 S. The molecular weights of the subunit and the 12.4 S component were measured by sedimentation equilibrium yielding values of 83,000 and 330,000 for the monomeric and polymeric species, respectively. It is, therefore, concluded that the active form of phosphofructokinase is indeed the tetrameric species. The structure of the phosphofructokinase tetramer was also studied by electron microscopy of negatively stained specimens. Particles identified as tetramers measured approximately 9 nm in diameter by 14 nm in length. The observed size and shape are consistent with the hydrodynamic measurements. Structural features within the tetramer were interpreted as due to the four individual subunits, each one approximately 4 X 6 X 6 nm in size, arranged with D2 symmetry.
Hesterberg, LK; Lee, JC; Erickson, HP
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