The symmetrical structure of structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) and MukB proteins: long, antiparallel coiled coils, folded at a flexible hinge.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) proteins function in chromosome condensation and several other aspects of DNA processing. They are large proteins characterized by an NH2-terminal nucleotide triphosphate (NTP)-binding domain, two long segments of coiled coil separated by a hinge, and a COOH-terminal domain. Here, we have visualized by EM the SMC protein from Bacillus subtilis (BsSMC) and MukB from Escherichia coli, which we argue is a divergent SMC protein. Both BsSMC and MukB show two thin rods with globular domains at the ends emerging from the hinge. The hinge appears to be quite flexible: the arms can open up to 180 degrees, separating the terminal domains by 100 nm, or close to near 0 degrees, bringing the terminal globular domains together. A surprising observation is that the approximately 300-amino acid-long coiled coils are in an antiparallel arrangement. Known coiled coils are almost all parallel, and the longest antiparallel coiled coils known previously are 35-45 amino acids long. This antiparallel arrangement produces a symmetrical molecule with both an NH2- and a COOH-terminal domain at each end. The SMC molecule therefore has two complete and identical functional domains at the ends of the long arms. The bifunctional symmetry and a possible scissoring action at the hinge should provide unique biomechanical properties to the SMC proteins.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Melby, TE; Ciampaglio, CN; Briscoe, G; Erickson, HP

Published Date

  • September 21, 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 142 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1595 - 1604

PubMed ID

  • 9744887

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2141774

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1083/jcb.142.6.1595

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States