Loneliness as a partial mediator of the relation between low social preference in childhood and anxious/depressed symptoms in adolescence.

Journal Article (Multicenter Study;Journal Article)

This study examined the mediating role of loneliness (assessed by self-report at Time 2; Grade 6) in the relation between early social preference (assessed by peer report at Time 1; kindergarten through Grade 3) and adolescent anxious/depressed symptoms (assessed by mother, teacher, and self-reports at Time 3; Grades 7-9). Five hundred eighty-five boys and girls (48% female; 16% African American) from three geographic sites of the Child Development Project were followed from kindergarten through Grade 9. Loneliness partially mediated and uniquely incremented the significant effect of low social preference in childhood on anxious/depressed symptoms in adolescence, controlling for early anxious/depressed symptoms at Time 1. Findings are critical to understanding the psychological functioning through which early social experiences affect youths' maladjusted development. Directions for basic and intervention research are discussed, and implications for treatment are addressed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fontaine, RG; Yang, C; Burks, VS; Dodge, KA; Price, JM; Pettit, GS; Bates, JE

Published Date

  • January 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 479 - 491

PubMed ID

  • 19338694

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2763565

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-2198

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0954-5794

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/s0954579409000261


  • eng