[Literature and own strategies concerning soft-tissue reconstruction and exposed osteosynthetic hardware].
(English Abstract;Journal Article;Review)
BACKGROUND: In the event of exposed hardware from reconstructive surgery, it must be decided whether to retain or remove it prior to plastic surgical soft-tissue reconstruction to ensure long-term freedom from infection and stable wound closure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Treatment options and results in the literature are reviewed. A treatment algorithm is proposed under consideration of our personal experience. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Hardware used in spine surgery is commonly left in situ until bony consolidation has been achieved. The indications for hardware removal depend on length of exposure or infection, implant failure, and location. Osteosynthetic devices in the extremities may be removed and replaced by external fixators or immobilisation. Removal of prostheses requires complex second-stage reimplantation or arthrodesis. A treatment algorithm is suggested that might ease the decision whether exposed hardware can remain or requires removal before reconstruction of soft-tissue defects.
Baumeister, S; Levin, LS; Erdmann, D
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