Detection and quantification of S-100 protein in ocular tissues and fluids from patients with intraocular melanoma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

S-100 protein is a 21,000 dalton acidic calcium-binding protein present in ocular melanomas and some normal ocular tissues. Ocular fluids and extracts of ocular tumours were examined by a sensitive radioimmunoassay that could detect less than 5 ng of S-100 protein in minute volumes of fluid. Three ocular melanoma biopsy specimens had S-100 protein at levels between 25 and 1300 ng/ml, comparable to that found in a cutaneous melanoma biopsy specimen (1000 ng/ml). (SI conversion: ng/ml = microgram/l.) Six melanoma culture lines had 1000 to 125,000 ng/ml. Four lymphoblastoid cultures had less than 2 ng/ml, and three colon carcinoma cultures had 180 ng/ml. Subretinal fluid from 23 melanoma-containing eyes had 10 to 76,800 ng/ml. Lesser amounts were found in eyes with small, anteriorly located, lightly pigmented tumours. Vitreous from 3 melanoma-containing eyes had 10,000 to 11,000 ng/ml. Vitreous obtained from three eyes during tractional retinal detachment repair had 500 to 1600 ng/ml, and vitreous obtained at necropsy from six normal eyes had 2 to 120 ng/ml. Aqueous from six melanoma-containing eyes had 10 to 30 ng/ml, levels not significantly different from those observed in three normal eyes (80-120 ng/ml). This approach provides new insight into the interaction of ocular tumours and adjacent ocular fluids and may, with more specific tumour markers, have diagnostic applications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cochran, AJ; Holland, GN; Saxton, RE; Damato, BE; Foulds, WR; Herschman, HR; Foos, RY; Straatsma, BR; Lee, WR

Published Date

  • November 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 72 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 874 - 879

PubMed ID

  • 3207666

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1041610

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0007-1161

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1136/bjo.72.11.874


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England