Ventilation studied with circulatory occlusion during two intensities of exercise.
Our purpose was to study the possible role of a pulmonary chemoreceptor in the control of ventilation during exercise. Respiratory gas exchange was measured breath-by-breath at two intensities of exercise with circulatory occlusion of the legs. Eight male subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at 49 and 98 W for 12 min; circulation to the legs was occluded by thigh cuffs (26.7 kPa) for two min after six min of unoccluded exercise. PETCO2 and VO2 decreased and PETO2 increased significantly during occlusion at both workloads. Occlusion elicited marked hyperventilation, as evidenced by sharp increases in VE, VE/VCO2, and VE/VO2. A sudden sharp increase in PETCO2 was seen 12.3 +/- 0.5 and 6.5 +/- 1.2s after cuff release in all subjects during exercise at 49 and 98 W, respectively. At 49 W a post-occlusion inflection in VE was seen in 7 subjects 21.1 +/- 5.8s after the PETCO2 inflection. Three subjects showed an inflection in VE at 98 W 23.3 +/- 7.5 s after the PETCO2 inflection. There were significant increases in PETCO2, VO2, VCO2 and VE after cuff release. VE mirrored VCO2 better than VO2, post occlusion. On the basis of a significant lag time between inflections in PETCO2 and VE following cuff release, it is concluded that the influences of a pulmonary CO2 receptor were not seen.
Stanley, WC; Lee, WR; Brooks, GA
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