Detection of cytoplasmic S-100 protein in primary and metastatic intraocular melanomas.
The authors sought S-100 protein in sections cut from formalin- or glutaraldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumors from the eye and other sites by an immunoperoxidase technique, using rabbit antibovine S-100 protein antiserum, swine antirabbit serum, a peroxidase-antiperoxidase preparation, and amino-ethylcarbizole as developer. Tissue from 26 intraocular tumors was examined, the pathologic diagnosis being unknown to the investigators at that time that the tests were performed. Thirteen of 16 malignant melanomas of the choroid contained S-100 protein (81%), while only one of seven retinoblastomas contained S-100 protein (14%). One cutaneous malignant melanoma metastatic to the eye contained S-100 protein, while none of three metastatic nonmelanocytic, nonneural tumors contained the protein. These results are similar to our findings with nonocular tumors, in which 56 of 56 cutaneous melanomas contained S-100 protein (100%) and only 1 of 51 nonneural, nonmelanocytic tumors contained S-100 protein (2%). S-100 protein may be useful as a marker for ocular malignant melanoma.
Cochran, AJ; Holland, GN; Wen, DR; Herschman, HR; Lee, WR; Foos, RY; Straatsma, BR
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