Effects of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, indomethacin and oxaprozin, on the kidney.

Published

Journal Article

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been found to cause sodium retention and to decrease glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We studied the effects of two such drugs, indomethacin and oxaprozin, a new propionic acid derivative, on renal function of awake, normal human subjects during sustained water diuresis. Although neither drug had a long-term effect on GFR or sodium clearance (CNa), indomethacin (six subjects) but not oxaprozin (seven subjects) transiently reduced GFR and CNa. Given over the short term, oxaprozin caused a reduction in GFR from 113.7 +/- 5.7 to 99.8 +/- 4.7 ml/min (p < 0.01) and CNa from 0.84 +/- 0.07 to 0.61 +/- 0.08 ml/min (p < 0.005). The results were much the same when an additional dose of indomethacin was given to subjects who had been receiving the drug for a week. Inference from clearance data at a time when urinary osmolality (Uosm) remained constant but urine flow per GFR (V/GFR) fell suggests that both drugs stimulated proximal tubular sodium and fluid resorption. Both suppressed renin and aldosterone levels comparably and reduced potassium excretion transiently, but only indomethacin caused a sustained change in serum potassium concentration; serum potassium rose from 4.32 +/- 0.10 to 4.56 +/- 0.11 mEq/l (p < 0.05) after 1 wk. These disparate findings suggest that prostaglandin synthesis inhibition may not be the sole mechanism of action of NSAIDs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mitnick, PD; Greenberg, A; DeOreo, PB; Weiner, BM; Coffman, TM; Walker, BR; Agus, ZS; Goldfarb, S

Published Date

  • November 1, 1980

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 680 - 689

PubMed ID

  • 7002426

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7002426

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-9236

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/clpt.1980.221

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States