Hyperkalemia: a review.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Potassium is the principal intracellular cation, and maintenance of the distribution of potassium between the intracellular and the extracellular compartments relies on several homeostatic mechanisms. When these mechanisms are perturbed, hypokalemia or hyperkalemia may occur. This review covers hyperkalemia, that is, a serum potassium concentration exceeding 5 mmol/L. The review includes a discussion of potassium homeostasis and the etiologies of hyperkalemia and focuses on the prompt recognition and treatment of hyperkalemia. This disorder should be of major concern to clinicians because of its propensity to cause fatal arrhythmias. Hyperkalemia is easily diagnosed, and rapid and effective treatments are readily available. Unfortunately, treatment of this life-threatening condition is often delayed or insufficiently attentive or aggressive.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Evans, KJ; Greenberg, A

Published Date

  • September 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 272 - 290

PubMed ID

  • 16145218

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-0666

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0885066605278969


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States