Serial evaluation of ventricular function after percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty.
To evaluate the serial changes in right and left ventricular performance after percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty, 15 patients, mean age 75 +/- 18 years, and in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III, were studied with first-pass radionuclide angiocardiography (RNA) immediately before, then 5 minutes, 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, and 3 days after valvuloplasty. No change was observed in heart rate, aortic root systolic pressure, Fick, or RNA cardiac output, amount of aortic insufficiency measured either angiographically or with the regurgitant fraction determination immediately after valvuloplasty. However, significant changes were observed in the peak-to-peak aortic valve gradient (63 to 35 mm Hg; p less than 0.001), mean aortic valve gradient (54 to 33 mm Hg; p less than 0.001), aortic valve area (0.60 to 0.90 cm2; p less than 0.001), and meridional wall stress (79 to 50 10(3) dynes/cm2; p less than 0.01) immediately following valvuloplasty. In addition, left ventricular end-diastolic volume decreased from 186 to 153 ml (p less than 0.001), end-systolic volume decreased from 114 to 86 ml (p less than 0.001), micromanometric left ventricular end-diastolic pressure decreased from 20 to 14 mm Hg (p less than 0.02), and left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 0.39 to 0.45 (p less than 0.001). Peak positive left ventricular dP/dt and end-systolic pressure-volume ratio did not change after valvuloplasty (1700 to 1550 mm Hg/sec, 2.1 to 2.5 mm Hg/ml, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Harpole, DH; Davidson, C; Skelton, T; Jones, RH; Bashore, TM
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