Analysis of the early rise in aortic transvalvular gradient after aortic valvuloplasty.

Published

Journal Article

The relationship between dynamic changes in aortic valve gradient and left ventricular ejection performance in the early period after successful percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty has not been described in detail. Accordingly 20 adult patients with severe symptomatic calcific aortic stenosis underwent first-pass radionuclide angiography and Doppler echocardiography before, immediately after, and 2 to 4 days after the valvuloplasty procedure. A significant (p less than 0.001) reduction in peak-to-peak (72 +/- 24 mm Hg to 36 +/- 11 mmHg) and mean (60 +/- 20 mm Hg to 34 +/- 9 mm Hg) transaortic gradient and an increase in aortic valve area (0.5 +/- 0.2 cm2 to 0.8 +/- 0.2 cm2) were measured by high-fidelity micromanometer catheters immediately after aortic valvuloplasty. Results of Doppler echocardiography showed a significant (p less than 0.001) immediate decrease in peak instantaneous (81 +/- 22 mm Hg to 53 +/- 15 mm Hg) and mean (48 +/- 14 mm Hg to 31 +/- 9 mm Hg) aortic gradients. However, 2 to 4 days later a significant (p less than 0.001) return of peak (56 +/- 15 mm Hg to 65 +/- 20 mm Hg) and mean (31 +/- 9 mm Hg to 39 +/- 12 mm Hg) transvalvular gradient occurred. Aortic valve area as determined by the continuity equation also increased from 0.4 +/- 0.2 cm2 to 0.6 +/- 0.2 cm2 immediately after the procedure (p less than 0.001), then partially returned to baseline (0.5 +/- 0.2 cm2; p less than 0.005) at 2 to 4 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davidson, CJ; Harpole, DA; Kisslo, K; Skelton, TN; Kisslo, J; Jones, RH; Bashore, TM

Published Date

  • February 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 117 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 411 - 417

PubMed ID

  • 2916414

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2916414

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-8703

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-8703(89)90788-6

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States