Relation between premature ventricular contraction site of origin (defined by radionuclide phase analysis) and subsequent left ventricular function.
It has been suggested that the effect of a premature ventricular contraction (PVC) on left ventricular (LV) function depends on the site of origin of the PVC, and that the subsequent impairment of LV performance during a PVC may be more pronounced if baseline LV dysfunction is present. To evaluate these concepts, radionuclide angiographic phase image analysis of spontaneous PVCs was performed after acquisition of images from PVCs alone by a new gating procedure. The sites of the PVCs were localized to 1 of 3 right ventricular (RV) or 5 left ventricular (LV) regions by this method. LV function during PVCs was assessed and compared with baseline by noting the LV ejection fraction (EF) during PVCs, the difference between sinus LVEF and PVC EF, and the normalized PVC EF (PVC EF/sinus EF). Twenty-four patients had LV PVC sites and 19 had RV sites. LV function during a PVC appeared to be independent of either the ventricle of origin of the PVC or a specific site of origin within the ventricles. The resultant PVC ventricular function also appeared independent of sinus LVEF and sinus wall motion abnormalities. In addition, no correlation between coupling interval and any of the variables measured was demonstrated (although extremely short coupling intervals were not evaluated). These data suggest that the effects of PVCs on ventricular performance seen during ventricular ectopy are independent of the site of origin of the PVC, baseline wall motion abnormalities or PVC coupling interval in the population studied.
Rolfe, SJ; Rasor, T; Shaffer, PA; Sanitate, PA; Bashore, TM
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